The Development of the Piano

Oct 13, 2017

Credit SC Public Radio/Mary Noble Ours

The harpsichord, the keyboard workhorse of the Baroque period, is an instrument with a problem:  varying the touch on the keys has absolutely no effect on volume or tone quality.  Depress a key gently or pound on it, it doesn’t matter — the note will sound the same. 

But around 1700 a Florentine named Bartolomeo Cristofori invented a new instrument, the piano, whose strings were struck with cushioned hammers instead of plucked with quills. And the result was that volume and tone quality were now entirely determined by the player’s touch. Imagine: you could now get louder or softer gradually, you could make sudden changes in volume, and you could play softly with one hand and loud with the other, playing an accompaniment, for example, in the left hand, and a melody in the right. It’s no exaggeration to say that these new possibilities brought about stylistic developments that changed the entire course of music history.

A Minute with Miles – a production of South Carolina Public Radio, made possible by the J.M. Smith Corporation.